Nutrition and Brain Growth in Preterm Infants

There are more than 15 million preterm infants born globally every year, yet their longer term cognitive outcomes are often below average. The reasons for lower cognitive attainment are complex but are, in part, due to inadequate nutritional status. Failure to provide recommended intakes of macronutrients appears to be a common and potentially remediable factor in brain outcomes in preterm infants on the NICU.

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